The Civil War is long over, but the record remains.

The Confederate Army owed about $230,000 in compensation to York County residents.

"That would be about $4 million today," said Lila Fourhman-Shaull, director of York County Heritage Trust's library & archives department. "When the Confederate Army came here, they confiscated horses, jewelry, silver, household items from residents."

The residents wanted compensation, but only a few received money for what the army took.

That experience and other local links to the Civil War are recounted in the third edition of the Journal of York County Heritage, a publication of the York County Heritage Trust.

Trust members have received free copies of the book and will hold a reception for it Thursday at the Heritage Trust, 250 E. Market St. in York City.

The trust will begin selling the 45-page book, costing $6.95, on Friday at its Museum Shop, which is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. weekdays.

The journal's cover features a photograph of an exterior portion of the U.S. Army General Hospital in what is now Penn Park in the 100 block of West College Avenue.

The journal's focus on the Civil War is in conjunction with the 150th anniversary of Pennsylvania's involvement in the war, Fourhman-Shaull said.

The topics: Two of the journal's five articles highlight York's involvement in the war, she said.


The first article is "Cartridge Box: The Inside Out Newspaper of the U.S. Army General Hospital in York." The article was written by Jean Hershner Brannan, a former heritage trust employee who is a development director with Pennsylvania Preservation in Harrisburg.

The Cartridge Box was the name of the newspaper published by wounded soldiers, including those who were in the hospital. They were encouraged by Dr. Henry Palmer and other surgeons to start the newspaper to get the soldiers' minds on other things besides their injuries, Fourhman-Shaull said.

Several Cartridge Box

issues are featured in the Heritage Trust's "Saw Bones to Saviors: Civil War Medicine at Penn Common" exhibit that will be open until mid-October, she said.

The second journal article featuring the area is titled "An Accident of War: York County's Civil War Damage Claims," written by brothers Scott Mingus Sr. and Thomas Mingus, both of York. They have written several books on the war.

Scott Mingus is a global director of new product development at local Glatfelter, while Thomas Mingus is an adjunct professor in the department of sports management at Liberty University in Lynchburg, Va.

"An Accident of War" includes the York residents' attempts to get compensation from the Confederate Army.

"I hope (readers) gain additional insight into the Civil War," Fourhman-Shaull said. "But I also hope (the journal) will also whet their appetite to learn more about York County history."

-- Reach Eyana Adah McMillan at