Question: How do they get salt inside the shell of peanuts? -- B.W., Ballplay, Ala.

Answer: Ah, one of the great culinary mysteries -- though it doesn't quite rival "Which came first, the chicken or the egg?"

I'm afraid you might be disappointed; there is nothing magical or high-tech about the salting process. The peanuts are soaked in brine (a mixture of salt and water) and then roasted dry. The result is the salted peanut still in the shell.

Q: What is the name of the gap between two teeth? This gap is prominent on several well-known individuals, including former Secre tary of State Condoleezza Rice and David Letterman. -- L.H., Douglas, Ariz.

A: "Diastema" is the gap or space between two teeth. A few more celebrities with diastema are Elton John, Madonna, Lauren Hutton and Ernest Borgnine.

Q: There is a poem that starts out, "Whenever you go out-of-doors, draw in the chin, carry the crown of your head high and fill the lungs to the utmost ..." Who wrote it? Will you please print it? -- D.R.N., Torrance, Calif.

A: The sentiment was written by Elbert Hubbard (1856-1915). Hubbard was a writer, publisher, artist and philosopher. His best-known work is his inspirational essay "A Message to Garcia." The quote you ask about can be found in Dale Carnegie's book "How to Win Friends and Influence People." It reads, in part:


"Good health! Whenever you go out of doors, draw in the chin, carry the crown of your head high, and fill the lungs to the utmost; drink in the sunshine; greet your friends with a smile, and put soul into every hand-clasp. Do not fear being misunderstood and never waste a minute thinking about your enemies."

Q: In the Dolly Parton/Kenny Rogers Christmas CD, "Once Upon a Christmas," Dolly sings a song called "Hard Candy Christmas." What is a hard candy Christmas? -- G.W., Rockton, Pa.

A: During difficult financial times, many families need to cut back on gift giving during Christmas. Instead of giving an expensive gift, you might give a much less costly item, such as a bag of penny candy. Poetically, you could call this a "hard candy Christmas."

Writer and filmmaker Nancy Fulton published a book in 2008, "31 Ways to Enjoy a Hard Candy Christmas." It provides cost-effective and practical ways to make a cheap Christmas one of the best.

Q: When the president signs a bill, he often uses different pens to complete his signature. Why? -- C.H., Palos Verdes Estates, Calif.

A: It's routine for the president to use multiple pens when signing a bill. These pens are given to sponsors and co-sponsors of the bill as a souvenir.

Q: When was the National Rifle Association organized, and where is its headquarters? -- J.N., Man chester, Vt.

A: The NRA was founded in 1871 in New York. The organization's first president was Ambrose Burnside, a Civil War Union general and U.S. senator. The NRA claims to be the oldest continuously operating civil liberties organization in the United States. It also claims to have more than 4 million members. Its headquarters are in Fairfax, Va.

Q: For my birthday I received a necklace with one of the most beautiful stones I have ever seen -- it's called pietersite. What can you tell me about this stone? Who is Pieter? -- B.D., Waco, Texas

A: Sidney "Sid" Pieters (1920-2003) discovered pietersite in 1962 while prospecting on a farm in Namibia, Africa. Pieters described it as one of the most beautiful gemstones he had ever seen. It is considered a tiger's eye: The stone is composed of veins and swirls of one rich color intermingled with splashes of another color, or sometimes several colors. Because of its beauty, pietersite is one of the foremost stones used in jewelry making worldwide.

Q: Actors Maria Montez and Jean-Pierre Aumont had a daugh ter. Whatever happened to her? Is Jean-Pierre Aumont still alive? I know Maria Montez died at a young age. What was the cause? -- A.M.D., Pembroke, Mass.

A: Maria Montez and Jean-Pierre Aumont's daughter, Maria Christina Aumont, was born in Hollywood in 1946. She appeared in her first film in 1966, and she retired in 2000 after a successful career. She suffered a pulmonary embolism while in France in 2006.

Jean-Pierre Aumont died of a heart attack in 2001 at age 90. Maria Montez died in 1951 at age 39. She is believed to have suffered a heart attack and drowned in the bathtub.

Q: Is the poet Rod McKuen still living? -- S.E.B., Fort Scott, Kan.

A: Rod McKuen is very much alive. He lives in Southern California with his brother and four cats.

Rodney Marvin McKuen was born in Oakland, Calif., in 1933. After leaving home at a young age, he had a series of jobs, including logger, ranch hand and rodeo cowboy. He lacked a formal education, but he kept a journal, which helped develop his writing and poetry skills.

During the Korean War, he worked as a newspaper columnist. He settled in San Francisco and read his poetry in clubs and performed as a folk singer. He achieved regional recognition with his poetry readings in the 1950s and national fame in the late 1960s. Although critics panned him, he wrote more than two dozen books of poetry and recorded nearly five dozen albums and seven dozen other recordings, including soundtracks and performances with other groups.

McKuen was nominated for two Academy Awards and a Pulitzer Prize for his musical compositions.

Q: Who is Douglas Water? When I was in Scotland, I saw the name more than once in print and heard someone mention him. -- T.L., Mil lville, N.J.

A: I'm sure there are several people with the name Douglas Water in Scotland, but I have a feeling you were hearing about a place, not a person. Douglas Water is the name of a town in south Lanarkshire, Scotland. At one time, it was a prosperous village, but when the town's coal mines closed, residents left and prosperity dwindled. The town was named after the river of the same name. In Gaelic, Douglas Water means "black water."

Q: We have a daughter who has a fear of needles. Is there a special name for this phobia? -- W.W.

A: There are several terms for a fear of needles. If you want a fancy term, aichmophobia will work.

Q: I have always wondered why John and Abigail Adams named their son John Quincy. Where did the name Quincy originate? -- B.S., Paxton, Ill.

A: Quincy, the middle name of the sixth U.S. president, comes from Abigail Adams' maternal grandfather, Col. John Quincy, the namesake of Quincy, Mass.

Update: Recently, I answered a question about Chef Boyardee. I received a note from M.E., a longtime employee of ConAgra Foods in Milton, Pa. She tells me this is the 75th anniversary of the chef's company, and that it will celebrate the business all year. Some of the Boiardi family still lives in the area.

Send your questions to Mr. Know-It-All at or c/o Universal Uclick, 1130 Walnut St., Kansas City, MO 64106.